The Black Muslim Queen Who Resisted European Colonialism • The Muslim Women TImes

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Many black Muslim ladies can relate to feeling misplaced in many of the areas they discover themselves in. At the intersection of three identities synonymous with repression, one typically finds herself asking, “What is the place of the Black Muslim woman in today’s world?” And as a result of historical past permits us to search out solutions to questions of the current, we have now determined to dedicate Black History Month to celebrating and honouring the lives of Black Muslim ladies leaders in historical past, whose tales assist to light up the paths of the ladies of this technology. On this journey, we discover ourselves in nineteenth century Mohéli, flipping by means of the life pages of Djoumbé Fatima Soudi, the Queen of Mohéli.

Born of royal blood in 1837, Djoumbé Fatima Soudi was from the dynasty of Merina in Comoros; an island nation within the Indian Ocean, on the northern finish of the Mozambique Channel off the japanese coast of Africa, which shares maritime borders with Madagascar and Mayotte to the southeast, Tanzania to the northwest, Mozambique to the west, and Seychelles to the northeast. Djoumbé Fatima’s father, General Ramanataka Abderrahmane was a Malagasy prince and the King of Mohéli who was additionally a brother-in-law to Radama I, the King of Madagascar. Upon the demise of King Radama I, Djoumbé’s father fled the town and her mom, Ravao, dominated as Queen regent. After the demise of her husband in 1842, Ravao married her husband’s former adviser, Tsivandini, in 1843. Upon her mom’s remarriage, Djoumbé Fatima ascended the throne of Moheli in Comoros on the age of 5. However, her step-father, Tsivandini quickly turned her mentor and began making preparations for her marriage to the sultan of Zanzibar.

Djoumbé Fatima Soudi lived within the palace, overlooking the ocean, subsequent to which was the garrison – a white constructing of two rooms, which held 28 troopers. When the Welsh Christian missionary, David Griffiths, returned to Mohéli in 1841, anticipating to fulfill General Ramanataka Abderrahmane as King, he was the truth is shocked to search out his daughter, Djoumbé Fatima on the throne. Like many different locals on the time, Djoumbé Fatima refused to transform to Christianity, sustaining the cultural and political sovereignty of her individuals.

In 1846, Djoumbé Fatima’s mom Ravao, divorced Tsivandini. At the time, Mayotte, a serious a part of Nothern Mozambique had already been ceded to France and the French had been very keen to determine their presence in Mohéli, in order that they organized for Djoumbé’s official coronation and appointed one Madame Droit to function governess for her. Two years later, nonetheless, Djoumbé expelled the governess and married Saïd Mohammed Nasser M’Kadar, who was cousin to Zanzibar’s sultan. M’Kadar turned prince consort and dominated with Fatima till 1860, when he was ousted by the French. Despite this, Djoumbé Fatima held on to the throne, marrying two sultans and finally renouncing the throne for her son, Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara in 1865.

In 1863, the French authorities despatched a delegation to fulfill with Queen Djoumbé Fatima and the occasion was recorded by a visiting photographer Désiré Charnay. According to the photographer, she had various attendants and was dressed extraordinarily finely in a “robe of rich Turkish tissue of silk and gold”. Her costume coated most of her face, with solely her hand seen. The function of the go to had been to impress upon the younger queen some great benefits of changing into a French colony. But she vehemently resisted.

Djoumbé Fatima Soudi

When the French returned in 1871, she was restored to the throne and dominated till her demise in 1878. She was the final chief of Mohéli earlier than French colonization. In her married life, Djoumbé Fatima had 5 kids. With her first husband, Saïd Mohammed Nasser M’Kadar, she had three sons; Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara who was the Sultan of Mohéli from 1865-1871; Abderremane bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara who was the sultan of Mohéli from 1878-1885 and Mahmudu bin Mohamed Makadara who was the regent of Mohéli for his half-sister, Sultana Salima Machamba. From Djoumbé Fatima’s marriage to  Emile Fleuriot de Langle, she had two kids; Bakoko and Salima Machamba.

The story of Djoumbé Fatima Soudi reminds us of the highly effective legacy of Black ladies in Islamic custom.

References

  • Ibrahime, Mahmoud (2001) “Djoumbé Fatima: Une reine comorienne face aux visées coloniales de la marine française.” Tarehi – Revue d’Histoire et d’Archéologie 2, 10–17.
  • Grosdidier, Christophe: Djoumbe Fatima, reine de Mohéli, L’Harmattan, Paris, 2004. ISBN:978-2-7475-6953-8
  • Djoumbé Fatima – Wikipedia

The Muslim Women Times

TMWT is a web-based media platform spotlighting the tales of Muslim ladies of the previous and current. We purpose to be one of the vital authoritative and informative guides to what’s occurring on this planet of Muslim ladies. We hope to cowl key points, spark debates, progressive concepts and provocative matters to get the Muslim world speaking. We need to set agendas and discover concepts to enhance the lives and wellbeing of Muslim Women.


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