Peace, Security and Other Basic Human Rights in Islam


By Abdul-Rahman Al Sheha

The proper of safety and safety to an individual and all his household is probably the most primary of all human rights. All residents within the Muslim society legally should not be frightened or threatened by phrases, actions or weapons of any kind.

The proper of safety and safety to an individual and all his household is probably the most primary of all human rights.

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) says:

“It is not allowed for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” (Abu Dawud and Ahmad)

Feeling safe permits people of a society to have freedom of mobility and motion in an effort to work and earn an sincere dwelling. Corporal and capital punishment have been laid down and established in an effort to impose strict penalties on those that try to trigger disruption to the peace, safety and stability of a Muslim’s society. Allah’s Messenger acknowledged in his farewell speech:

“Truly, your body, honor, and your wealth are unlawful to one another. They are unlawful to tamper with like it is unlawful to tamper with this (honorable and sacred) Day (the Day of `Arafah during Hajj), in this Sacred Month (the month of hajj “Dthul-Hijjah”), and on this Sacred Town (the town of Makkah). (Al-Bukhari)

Sustenance, Wholesome Food & Drink for All

Wholesome sustenance is to be secured for all folks in an Islamic society by availing respectable and appropriate work alternatives for the work pressure within the society.

Availability of  appropriate alternatives of trades and work is essential for folks in an effort to fulfill their primary wants. Those who can not work as a consequence of outdated age, disabilities, continual illness, or the dearth of bread-earner within the household, turn out to be entitled to public support from the Islamic authorities.

Zakah, (compulsory alms and charity) given by the wealthier folks of the society, is to be made accessible to the needy that can’t earn a good revenue due to legit causes. Zakah is an compulsory charity that’s taken from the wealthy and given to particular classes of the society.

This is predicated on the hadith of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in his recommendation to his Companion Mu`adh ibn Jabal (could Allah be happy with him) whereas sending him on the mission to name to Islam in Yemen saying,

“…Tell the folks of Yemen … that Allah has prescribed a sure proportion of their wealth as zakah (compulsory charity) to be taken from the wealthy members amongst them and given to the poor and needy ones. (Muslim)

Other voluntary donations, items, monetary commitments and the like are given in good trigger to please the Almighty Allah, and prolonged willingly to the poor and needy members of the society. This can also be primarily based on many scriptures together with the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him),

“One is not a believer who satisfies himself while his neighbor is hungry.” (Al-Bukhari)

These poor and needy persons are additionally entitled to a good proper and share of the Islamic Treasury. This can also be primarily based on the hadith of the Prophet:

“Whoever leaves behind a legacy (wealth and estates), will become the right of his heirs. As for the person who leaves behind poor and needy members of his family, Allah, and His Messenger will take care of them.” (Al-Bukhari)

Proper & Adequate Health Facilities

Islam prohibits all such causes that will trigger detrimental impact to public well being. Islam bans all varieties of dangerous medication and intoxicants. Islam bans consuming blood, carrion, unclean animals, unwholesome meats like swine, and all their byproducts, and so forth.

Islam bans all immoral acts similar to fornication, adultery, and gay actions. Islam imposes a quarantine within the time of plague for each incoming and outgoing visitors of individuals in an effort to be sure that no epidemic or dangerous illnesses are unfold within the wider neighborhood. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) stated:

“If you hear about an epidemic in a country, do not enter it, and if you are in a place that has an epidemic disease, do not leave it.” (Ahmad)

And he (peace be upon him) stated:

“A sick person must not be brought to visit a recovering person.” (Al-Bukhari)


The article is an excerpt from the writer’s Human Rights in Islam and Common Misconceptions.



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